Some more useful herbal plants

 Boerhavia diffusa (Punarnava)
Parts used - Root and leaves
Uses – The root and leaves of Punarnava is used in the form of juice
and decoction to treat anaemia, oedema, internal abscess, calculi,
eye diseases, oedema during pregnancy, haemoptysis, for inducing
sleep, fever, rheumatic ailments, difficult labour, vaginal pain and
as rejuvinative.
1. Paste of punarnava, sunthi (zingiber officinale) and mustaka
(Cyperus rotundus) should be taken in dose of 10gm with
milk 640ml (CS.Ci.12.23)
2. Punarnava, guduci (Tinospora cordifolia) and guggulu
(Commiphora mukul) pounded in equal quantity alleviates
oedema, abdominal distension, (5-10 gms)(HS.3.25.14)
Eye diseases
Punarnava root powder or the paste removes itching, when
taken with milk, honey, ghee respectively,(5-10 gms)
As Rasayana
As a rejuvinative therapy, paste of fresh punarnava 20gm,
with milk continually more than a month (AH.U.39.155).
. Boswellia serrata (Sallaki)
Parts used – Bark, gum-resin
Uses – The bark and gum-resin of Sallaki is used to treat asthma,
dysentery, ulcer, haemorrhoid, skin diseases, fever, convulsions,
dysentery, , bronchitis, asthma, cough, stomatitis, syphilitic
diseases, chronic laryngitis, jaundice and arthritis.

The exudates of sallaki mixed with sugar and honey should
be applied over to eyes in conjunctivitis (SS.U.10.7)
Joint pain
Powder of the sallaki mixed (60 gms) with coconut oil and
made into a paste is applied externally to relieve pain (LHT)
. Buchanania lanzan (Priyala )
Parts used – Seed kernel, bark
Uses – The seed kernel and bark of Priyala is used in the form of
decoction to treat intrinsic haemorrhage, diarrhoea with blood and
as tonic.
As tonic
Grown up child who has left the breast-milk should be given
sweet bolus prepared of priyala (kernels),
madhuka,(Glycyrrhiza glabra) honey, parched paddy and
sugar candy. It acts as saturating and tonic (AH.U.139)
Kernels of the priyala made into a powder and used with milk
as an aphrodisiac, in case of fever and burning sensation.
powder of the bark mixed with honey is useful in dysentery
with blood.
 Butea monosperma ( Palasa )
Parts used – Root, leaves, petioles, flowers, seeds and exudate.
Uses – The Root, leaves, petioles, flowers, seeds and exudate in the
form of juice and powder to treat fever, diarrhoea, intrinsic
haemorrhage, worms, colic, cough, filaria, eye diseases, scorpionsting,
as contraceptive and as rejuinative.
1. Decoction of palasa seed or paste of the same with ricewater
should be taken (40-60 ml)(SS.U.54.25)
2. Decoction of palasa seeds mixed with honey or paste of the
same with buttermilk should be taken. It destroys worms
(40-60 ml) (VM.7.7; BP.Ci.7.21)

1. Flowers of palasa should be rubbed with honey and used as
collyrium (SS.U.10.9)
2. Exudate of palasa or sallaki (Boswellia serrata) mixed with
sugar and honey should be used as collyrium (SS.U.10.7)
.Caesalpinia bonduc (Latakaranja)
Parts used – Seed
Uses – The seeds of Latakaranja is used in the form of powder and
paste to treat pain , indigestion, dysentery, piles, worms, cough,
diabetes and skin diseases.
Colic pain / abdominal distention /Gulma
Decoction of latakaranaja, sunthi (zingiber officinale) and
rasna (Alpinia galanga) in 4, 2 and 6 parts respectively
alleviates, abdominal distention, hardness of bowels, and colic
 Cassia digyna (Grtakaranja)
parts used: root
useful in wound healing, piles, worms, skin diseases and diabetes.
Cassia absus (Arnya kulatha)
 Cassia fistula (Aragvadha )
Parts used – Fruit-pulp, root-bark and leaves
Uses – The fruit-pulp, root-bark and leaves of Aragvadha is used in
the form of fruit-pulp, decoction to treat fever, jaundice, diabetes,
skin diseases, wound, rheumatic ailments, erysipelas, wound due
to accident,.
Aragvadha, in the dose of 40gm, should be taken with juice of
sugarcane, vidari (ipomoea digitata) (AH.Ci.16.41)
Skin diseases (Kustha)
1. Leaves of aragvadha, kakamaci (Solanum nigrum) and karanja
(Pongamia pinnata) are pounded with buttermilk and applied as
anointment after smearing with oil the part affected with skin
diseases (20-30 gms) (CS.Su.3.17)

2. Ghee is cooked with root (bark) of aragvadha and taken with
decoction of khadira (acacia catechu). (AH.Ci.19.13). The
decoction of the bark is used internally and externally in skin
diseases. (40-60 ml)
3. Leaves of aragvadha are pounded with sour gruel and applied on
the part in case of ring worm and skin diseases (10-15 gms)
(VM.49.9;also BS.kustha63)
 Cassia senna (Svarnapatri )
Parts used – Leaves
Uses – The leaves of Svarnapatri are used to treat constipation,
abdominal diseases, leprosy, skin diseases, leucoderma,
splenomegaly, hepatopathy, jaundice, helminthiasis, dyspepsia,
cough, bronchitis, anaemia, tumour.
 Cassia tora (Cakramarda)
Parts used – Seed, root, leaf
Uses- the seed, root and leaf of Cakramarda are used in the form of
paste and oil to treat skin diseases, rheumatic ailments.
Skin diseases (Kustha)
Cakramarda, vidanga (Embelia ribes), haridra (curcuma
longa), daruharidra (Coscinium fenestratum) aragvadha
(cassia fistula) and kustha (sassurea lappa) –as a paste, this
combination is excellent for eradicating skin diseases (10-15
gms) (CS.Ci.7.161)
Rheumatic ailments (Vatavyadhi)
Vegetable or other dietary preparation of cakramarda leaves
alleviates rheumatic ailments (SB.4.461)
 Catharanthus roseus
Parts used – Whole plant
Uses – The whole plant of Sadampuspa is used to
treat diabetes, menorrhagia, leukemia and stomach-ache

Catunargam spinosa (Madana)
Parts used – Fruits, bark
Uses – The fruit and bark of Madana is used to treat fever,
diarrhoea, dysentery, bruises, cuts, pain, sprain, inflammation,
gout, helminthiasis, leprosy, skin diseases, wound, ulcer, tumour,
amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, cough, asthma, bronchitis,
flatulence, colic and constipation.
For emesis
Fruits of madana is used as one of the best emetic drug
particularly useful in fever, abdominal distention, and skin
diseases of kapha predominant (CS.KA.1., Ah.Ka.1.)
 Celastrus paniculatus (Jyotismati)
Parts used – Leaf, seed and oil
Uses – The leaf and seed of Jyotismati is used in the form of powder
and oil to treat udara roga, wound, sidhma, drowsiness in fever and
Skin diseases (eczema /Sidhma)
Jyotismati oil processed with water of apamarga-ksara
(Achyranthes aspera ) processed seven times. By massaging
it destroys eczema (AH.Ci.19.75)
Japa (hibiscus rosa-sinensis ) flowers with sour gruel and fried
jyotismati leaves, by intake, induce menstruation (CD.62.25)
 Centella asiatica ( Mandukaparni)
Parts used – Whole plant
Uses – The whole plant of Mandukaparni is used in the form of juice
to treat cough, consumption, diseases of voice, insanity, as intellect
promoting, rejuvinatuve, boils, chronic coryza, and jaundice.

As intellect-promoting Rasayana
Juice of mandhukaparni, is used with milk. This is life-giving,
destroys diseases and promoters of strength, digestive power,
complexion and voice. (CS.Ci.1.3.30-31)
Regularly intake of mandukarparni fried in ghee for a month
keeping on non-cereal acts as rejuvinative (AH.U.36.165)
Local application of the juice of mandukaparni destroys boils
Juice of mandukaparni mixed with honey, haridra (curcuma longa),
amalaki(Phyllanthus emblica) or milk and taken in morning is
wholesome for those suffering from jaundice (VD.10.2)
 Chlorophytum borivilianum (Sveta Musali )
Parts used – Root
Used – The root of Musali is used in the form of powder to treat
freckles, deafness and as aphrodisiac.
Refer Musali, Curculigo orchioides
. Citrullus colocynthis (Indravaruni)
Parts used – Root and fruits
Uses – The root and fruits of Indravaruni is used in the form of
powder to treat jaundice, for cleansing wound, for extraction of
foreign body, scrotal enlargement, warts, alopecia, greying of hair,
arthritis, amenorrhoea and for inducing abortion, for inducing
vaginal secretion and insanity.
In jaundice, root of indravaruni made into powder and
mixed with jaggery is useful (SS.U.44.30)
The root of indravaruni should be mixed with pippali
(piper longum) and jaggery and taken in the dose of
10gm. It alleviates arthritis (BP.Ci.24.259)
. Cochlospermum religiosum
Parts used – Leaves, flowers and gum
Uses – The leaves, flowers and gum of Girisalmalika is used to
treat cough, diarrhoea, dysentery, pharyngitis, gonorrhoea,
syphilis and trachoma.
 Coleus forskohii (Gandera)
may be compared to uses of Coleus vettiveroides/which is
Parts used – Whole plant
Uses – The whole plant of Valakah is used to treat dyspepsia,
indigestion, dysentery, vomiting, thirst fever, dermatitis, ulcer and
bleeding diseases.
Paediatric disorders
Water processed with hribera and sunthi (zingiber officinale)
should be given to drink (CS.Ci.19.22) in Paediatric disorders
like diarrhoea, thirst, vomiting and fever in children Hribera
mixed with sugar and honey and taken with rice-water
 Curculigo orchioides (Musali )
Part used – Tuberous root
Uses – The tuberous root of musali is used in the form of powder
and decoction to treat retention of urine, as rejuvinative and as
As Rasayana
Satavari(asparagus racemosus), mundi(Sphaeranthus indicus ),
guduci (Tinospora cordifolia), hastikarnapalasa (Butea
monosperma) and musali all in equal parts are powdered. It is
mixed with ghee or honey and taken. It acts as rejuvinative and
promotes body tissues and strength (10-15 gms) (BP.Ci.73.11-
AS aphrodisiac
Regular use of the powder of krsna musali (talamuli) mixed
with ghee acts as aphrodiasiac (10-15 gms) (VV.4.8)
 Cyperus rotundus (Mustaka)
Parts used – Rhizomes
Uses – The rhizomes of Mustaka is used in the form of powder and
decoction to treat fever, diarrhoea, erysipelas, rheumatic ailments,
alcoholism, loose teeth, cough, vomiting, thirst, epilepsy, wound
due to accident and eye diseases
Water boiled with musta, parpata (Fumaria indica ), usira
(Vetiveria zizanioides ), candana, (Santalum album)
balaka(Coleus vettiveroides ) , and sunthi (zingiber officinalis)
and cooled should be given to improve digestion and to pacify
thirst and fever (CS.Ci.3.145)
Musta rhizomes (60 gms) should be boiled in milk with three
times reduces to milk its intake checks diarrhoea with mucus and
pain (10-15 gms) (SS.U.40.47; AH.Ci.9.39,)
Arthritis (Vatarakta)
In kapha predominant arthritis decoction of musta, draksa
(Vitis vinifera) and haridra (curcuma longa) mixed with honey
should be taken. (AH.Ci.22.14)
Root of musta pounded finely with cows ghee is applied as
paste on the wound (5-10 gms) (Cd.44.53) to promote quick
 Decalepis hamiltonii (Sveta sariva)
Part used – Root
Uses – The root of Sariva is used in the form of powder and
infusion to treat wound, bronchial asthma, fever, intrinsic
haemorrhage, kushtha, erysipelas, poisoning, paediatric
rejuvinative/rasayana and during pregnancy.
Refer Hemidesmus indicus

 Eclipta prostrata (Bhrngaraja )
Parts used – Whole plant, seed
Uses – The whole plant and seeds of Bhrngaraja is used in the form
of oil, powder and juice to treat filariasis, boils, wound, headache,
giddyness, lack of vision, indigestion, enlargement of liver and
spleen, jaundice, pain in the abdomen, cough, skin diseases, skin
diseases and fever.
Greying of hairs
Oil 160ml is cooked with the juice of bhrngaraja and milk 1.28
litres along with the paste of madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra )
40gm. This is used ad snuff and applied on head to prevent
greying of hairs (CS.Ci.26.267)
Rejuvinative / rasayana
Intake of powder containing bhrngaraja leaves, black
sesamum, amalaka (Phyllanthus emblica) and sugar in equal
quantity acts as rejuvinative/ rasayana (10-15 gms)
 Embelia ribes (Vidanga)
Parts used – Fruits and root
Uses – The fruits and root of Vidanga is used in the form of powder
and paste to treat worms, heart-diseases, skin diseases, pollution of
earth, headache, jaundice, poisoning and as rejuvinative.
1. Vidanga excels as anthelmintic and is used in food and
drinks, bath, fumigation and anointment. (CS.Ci.7.159)
2.Warm decoction of vidanga and aragvadha (cassia fistula)
should be given to those suffering from worms (3\40-60 ml)
Powder of vidanga, triphala (Phyllanthus emblica, Terminalia
chebula, Terminalia bellerica) and pippali (piper longum)
taken with honey destroys skin diseases, worms, diabetes,
sinus and fistula-in-ano (10-15 gms) (SSR.12.33)

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